First of all you need to know that what is cervix. It is an organ which connects the vaginal and the uterus in female reproductive system. Cervical cancer is that cancer which is formed in cervix tissue. This cancer is growing really slowly and do not shows some early symptoms. Its detection is possible by a regular Pap test. This test is conducted by scraping of cells from cervix and tests these with highly powered microscope. The most common cause of cervix cancer is HPV (human papilloma virus). This virus mostly spread through sexual intercourse. Other than this there are some more risk factors that are attached to cervical cancer and that are as follows:
- Multiple sex partners
- Birth control pills
- Having sex at young age
- Weak immune system
- Having lots of children
The important thing to note down about this cancer is that if you detect it early, there are good chances that you will be able to treat it. So to identify this cancer, you need to know its symptoms first. Following are its main symptoms.
Cervical Cancer Symptoms
- You will have abnormal bleeding from your vagina
- You may also have bleeding between your menstrual periods
- If you are having menopause and then you start bleeding
- You will have bleeding after douching, sexual intercourse or pelvic exam.
- You will experience heavier, painful and longer menstrual periods.
- Your vaginal discharge increases suddenly.
- If you are experiencing abnormal pain while sexual intercourse, it may also be because of cervical cancer.
- Feeling pain in your pelvic.
Stages of cervical cancer
You must know that cervical cancer is divided into five stages. These stages are designed in such a way that each stage tells us about the spread of cancerous cells. The stages are:
This stage is commonly known as carcinoma situ. It is a sign of non-invasive cervical cancer. This is a highly treatable stage because at this point of time the cells don`t exceed the surface of cervix and can only be found here, so its treatment is easy.
This is a stage where the cancerous cells have moved beyond surface of cervix and invaded it, but don`t goes past cervix to other organs. During this stage these cells may become visible to naked eye in some cases, but mostly they are not, it all depends on the size of cells.
During this stage these cancerous cells spread beyond cervix but still in the pelvic area. If you look carefully you will find that cells have spread to almost two thirds of vagina but may not reach to tissue around the uterus.
At this time you can see, that these cells may have reached lower third of vagina and also to the pelvic wall and causing damage to kidney. These cells become so large that they are creating hurdle in urine flow from kidney to bladder and resulting in kidney damage.
Most dangerous and last stage of cervical cancer is the one where these cells reached out to other body parts. They may reached rectum and bladder and even to lungs.
So to protect yourself from cervical cancer, you must go to your doctor for routine checkup. Its early identification is very much helpful in treating it successfully. Good luck!